If you are deathly afraid of spiders, do no read any further!
If you want to sleep tonight, do not read any further!
If you have a heart condition or health concerns of any kind, do not read any further!
If you want a glimpse of what Hell might look like, go ahead and scroll a down a little. You may feel a little itchy afterward!
107 Million Spiders Create Megaweb
Source: Entomological Society of America/ Greene et al. 2010
How many spiders would you consider to be a lot? For many of you, it might be just one. For the rest of us, there’s no arguing that 107 million spiders, is more than a lot! It’s a butt-load.
A huge communal spider web, that stretched over four acres, was recently reported by Wired.com, inside a water treatment plant in Baltimore. This megaweb, housed some 107 Million spiders. It was estimated that almost 95% of the treatment plant was covered by this megaweb; something that shocked even scientists.
â€œWe were unprepared for the sheer scale of the spider population and the extraordinary masses of both three dimensional and sheet-like webbing that blanketed much of the facility’s cavernous interior. Far greater in magnitude than any previously recorded aggregation of orb-weavers, the visual impact of the spectacle was nothing less than astonishing.
In places where the plant workers had swept aside the webbing to access equipment, the silk lay piled on the floor in rope-like clumps as thick as a fire hose.â€
Wow! You know that this is quite the impressive spider web, if even tenured scientists were shocked at the sheer magnitude and grandeur of it!!
These megawebs have been reported before here in the U.S., all of which have occurred near water. These massive webs are cast to catch the large quantities of flies and midges that hatch and live near water.
With these megawebs, I found it interesting that they are typically made my multiple species of spider, that co-habitate together for the purpose of catching the massive quantities of flying insects.
Two of the species of spider that are responsible for creating these megaweb masterpieces include the longjawed orb-weaver, and the bridge spider or gray cross spider (also a species of orb-weaver).
If you are deathly afraid of spiders, do not watch this video.
If you want to sleep tonight, do not watch this video.
If you have a heart condition or health concerns of any kind, do not watch this video.
If you want a glimpse of what Hell might look like, go ahead and take a peak! You may feel a little itchy afterward.
The above footage is not a spider apocalypse; nor is it a nightmare surpassing your most grotesque childhood terror; but rather a normal phenomenon in the Brazilian city of Santo Antonio da Platina– located only some 500 miles away from Rio de Janeiro; home of the 2016 Olympic Games. It’s safe to say I now know what city I’m not visiting…EVER! So much for attending the 2016 Summer Olympics.
It’s Raining Spiders In Brazil
The spiders, officially named Anelosimus eximius, hide out in the Brazilian trees by day and build huge sheets of web at night. The spiders work together building these webs, taking over the night sky, in order to catch massive amounts of insects. These sheets of webs can reach more than 3 meters in length, and also aid in carrying the spiders to other locations with a strong wind. If you want a silver lining to this arachnophobic nightmare, there are no longer any flies or mosquitoes left in Brazil. The Anelosimus eximius spider is common throughout Central and South America; from Panama down to Argentina. Because the spiders work together in colonies, building webs and catching insects, they are considered social spiders. The video was filmed and uploaded to the WEB (pun intended) by Santo Antonio da Platina resident Erick Reis while filming an engagement party for friends.
Every boy growing up watched in amazement as Spiderman was able to shoot webs from his wrists; pulling endangered motorist’s cars off of bridges before they fell hundreds of feet into icy water.
Crooks and bad guys, even those with superhuman strength, were tied up by Spiderman’s webs. Wonderment filled our heads, as we watched all the many possibilities of spider silk.
I remember wishing I could shoot those powerful spider webs at a schoolyard bully or be able to effortlessly swing from my house to a tree branch.
A Century’s Old Question
Apparently I am not the only one who has wanted to unleash the secrets of spider silk.
For decades, scientists have been studying spider silk hoping to unlock its mysteries and apply this knowledge to real world application.
Scientists are now closer than ever to answering the question,
â€œHow does a spider spin a web of silk that is five times stronger, on a weight-to-strength basis, than steel; and how can we manufacture it?â€
The Strength Of Spider Silk
Spider silk is five times stronger, on a weight-to-strength basis, than steel with about 1/6th the density.
Here’s a real world example displaying the strength of silk:
An 1881 Tombstone, Arizona gun fight gave us all an idea of just how strong real silk is. George Emery Goodfellow, a doctor of the times in Tombstone, AZ was examining the deceased after a gunfight. One of the men involved had taken a couple bullets to the chest, but the Dr. Goodfellow couldn’t find a single drop of blood on the man. As he removed his clothing he found a silk handkerchief holding two smashed bullets. Although the man has still died because of the force of the bullets, the silk handkerchief stopped the bullets from piercing the man’s chest.
Solving The Mysteries of Spider Silk
Over the last ten years scientists have unlocked a few portions of the spider silk puzzle, and hope to replicate it. We now know the key proteins used by spiders to spin their silk. Unfortunately, scientists have been unable to translate this knowledge into a technique that would enable the industrial-scale manufacturing of synthetic spider silk that is as powerful as the real stuff.
The problem has always been fairly fundamental. While scientists understood the substances or proteins used by these ingenious spiders, they couldn’t figure out the mechanics of how spiders combine those proteins to make spider silk. When they tried it in their labs, they got inferior productsâ€¦ Until now!
It turns out that a key part of the answer to this complex question is really pretty simple. It’s all in the timingâ€¦ The timing of tiny globular structures.
Tiny Globular Structures
Scientist recently stumbled upon some unusual spider silk features, and a big part of the secret. These features happened to be tiny globular structures called “micelles” which when combined together formed larger and larger gel-like structures. These micelles happened to be the precursors to silk fibers.
Scientists now believe that they can take these micelles, and add some non-silk polymers to it to enlarge them and manufacture spider silkâ€¦ But there is still one challenge.
The Next Challenge
Spiders controlthe water content of the gel to prevent the proteins from crystallizing until they are ready to spin the silk fibers. If the proteins crystallized too soon, the process would fail. Scientists are still trying to unlock this last part of the spider silk puzzle and replicate the process that nature has provided.
Real World Applications of Manufactured Spider Silk: Inspired By Spiderman
Quick urban travel by rapidly firing thin strands of spider silk from building to building
Biomedical devices like artificial tendons and ligaments
Artificial skin for burn victims
Binding captured criminals with a webbing
Bomb stopping bulletproof vests
Biodegradable bottles and packaging
Blindfold an opponent with a thick blob of spider silk
A super strong spider silk polymer for high performance aircraft or motor vehicles
Super strong ropes, nets, seat belts, and parachutes
A massive web cast across a street or alley to snare rapidly-moving persons or vehicles
Spidersare amazing creatures, and so is the silk they spin. Let’s hope scientists can figure out the last few pieces of the spider silk puzzle, so we can all live out our childhood fantasies of becoming Spiderman!