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Flies & Mosquitoes

English: Housefly

English: Housefly (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Flies

Fly is just a common name for an insect with a single pair of wings attached to it’s body. Flies are adapted for aerial movement and typically have short and streamlined bodies.

Size: Adult flies range in size from 1/64 or an in long to upwards of 1/2 inch.

Color: Flies range in color from dark grey, to a bright yellow.

Habits: Flies are common occurrence in homes, particularly during more rural times when horses and livestock were used as transportation. Flies are found just about anywhere there are humans and often swarm near garbage piles and manure. They are considered a health risk and should be eliminated whenever possible.

Diet: Flies eat a wide variety of food including human food, animal food, carcasses, garbage and excrement. They cannot eat solid food and have sponge-like mouth parts that they use to suck up pre-digested, liquefied food.

Reproduction: True flies breeds prolifically, with females laying anywhere from 350 to 900 eggs in their lifetime, with a record of 2,400 eggs from a single female fly. The interval from egg to adult fly can be completed in less than one week under warm, moist conditions, and there can be many generations each year. Adult flies live as long as 54 days and females mate multiple times. Breeding sites include any moist, decomposing organic material, such as lawn clippings, manure, animal waste, soiled garbage containers, outhouse receptacles, and decomposing plant materials.

Other Information: Flies are mostly inactive at night and rest on ceilings, beams and overhead wires within buildings, trees, and shrubs, various kinds of outdoor wires, and grasses. Flies can transmit more than 100 different pathogens.

Common flies include:

A Mosquito feeding on blood

A Mosquito feeding on blood (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Mosquitoes

Mosquitoes are small flies that are considered a huge nuisance here in the United States. Female mosquitoes feed on the blood of the living, and can transmit extremely harmful or even deadly diseases like West Nile Virus and Yellow Fever. Some authorities even argue that mosquitoes are the most deadly animals on earth.

There are well over 3,500 different species of mosquitoes found around the world. While some mosquitoes bite humans and transmit blood borne diseases, others will feed primarily on plant nectar. Female mosquitoes need to obtain nutrients from a blood meal before they can produce eggs. Both plant materials and blood are useful sources of energy in the form of sugars. Blood also supplies more concentrated nutrients, such as lipids. The most important function of blood meals is to obtain proteins as materials for egg production.

Mosquitoes are very widespread, and are found on every continent except Antarctica. In warm and humid tropical regions, they are active for the entire year, but in temperate regions they hibernate over winter.

To keep blood-sucking mosquitoes from biting you, and spreading their disease, there are a few precautions you can take. When outdoors, make sure to keep your body covered during the dawn and dusk hours. Applying an insect repellent containing DEET will ensure mosquitoes will stay away from you. Eliminate any stagnant water around your property, as that is where mosquitoes lay their eggs. If you wish to keep birdbaths or ponds on you’re your property, take full advantage of mosquito larvacides like mosquito dunks.

Types Of Mosquitoes: