Cockroaches are one of the most popular and hardy household pests in the United States. They invade our homes through small cracks and crevices looking for food and water. They will eat any organic material, but their favorite foods include: sugary sweets, glue, salty snacks, dog doo, meats, blood, cheeses, hair, fingernails, dead bugs, leather, and even wood. Cockroaches have been known to go up to four months without food or water.
Cockroaches are known for spreading diseases by transporting microbes on their bodies. Some of the diseases they can spread include: polio, typhoid fever, leprosy, and bubonic plaque. They have also been shown to cause allergic reactions in humans, and are linked to asthma. Other unpleasant side effects roaches can cause are food poisoning, dysentery, diarrhea, parasitic worms, and urinary track infections. In addition to all of those, cockroaches also carry over 40 different types of bacteria. They are definitely something you do not want in your home.
Treating for cockroaches is becoming increasingly challenging as their bodies adapt and become resistant to insecticides. Poisons that once worked just a few years ago have less of an effect on each subsequent generation. Unsuccessful roach treatments add to the cockroaches’ resistance, leaving stronger roaches to live on and pass on more tolerant genes.
Notable species of cockroaches:
- American cockroach
- Asian cockroach
- Brown-banded cockroach
- German cockroach
- Madagascar hissing cockroach
- Oriental cockroach