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Bed Bugs

Adult bed bug, Cimex lectularius

Adult bed bug, Cimex lectularius (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The presence of bedbugs may be determined by a sweet odor in the room. Bed bugs are increasingly being encountered in homes, apartments, hotels, motels, dormitories, shelters and modes of transport. International travel and immigration have probably contributed to the resurgence of bed bugs in the United States. Bed bugs do not fly, but can move quickly over floors, walls, ceilings and other surfaces.

Size: Bed bugs grow  up to 3/8 inch in length.

Color: Bed bugs are generally reddish-brown in color and are wingless insects. They have an extremely flattened body except when they are engorged with human blood. They have a large, round abdomen, and a short mouth.

Habits: While the human bed bug is not associated with the spread of any diseases, its bite can have a serious effect on people who are sensitive to its saliva. Swelling and severe itching or other immune system reactions may be a common side effect of bites although the bite itself is generally painless. The human bed bug is nocturnal, feeding only at night when people are asleep. During the daylight hours it hides in any available crack, void or hole in the immediate area.

Diet: Bed bugs are nocturnal blood feeders and crawl onto sleeping human hosts to feed. They feed by piercing the skin with an elongated beak through which they withdraw blood. Engorgement takes about three to ten minutes. Bed bugs are very resilient and adults can survive for more than one year without eating.

Reproduction: Female bed bugs lay their eggs by gluing them to hidden surfaces and lay several eggs each day with a total of about 200 eggs. Eggs are deposited into bed frame cracks, behind headboards, inside mattress seams, in baseboards, trim and bedside furniture.

Behavior: Bed bugs possess stink glands and emit odor. Homes heavily infested with the bugs have this distinct odor. Bed bugs feed at night, hiding in crevices during the day. Hiding places include: seams in mattresses, crevices in box springs, and spaces under baseboards or loose wallpaper.

Treatment: Although bed bug bites require little treatment, efforts should be made to eliminate the source of the bites. Insecticide treatments for bed bugs are effective but should be conducted carefully, since people have prolonged close contact with the treated areas– beds, couches, etc. where bed bugs live. Many pest control companies have K-9 units that can sniff out bed bug infestations, and many also offer bead bug heat treatments.

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2 Responses

  1. Jon@PriceTermiteTreasureCoast says

    The best way to get rid of bedbugs is to have your place steamcleaned (150`) everything….. this kills the eggs and the full grown ones. Start by doing your beds whether they need it or not. I have had my beds steam cleaned and my furniture and it seems to help. The apartment block where I live has had quite an infestation of them. Hope this helps everyone.

  2. Alexis Murray says

    My landlord knowingly rented us a home, without telling us that there was a bed bug infestation. We moved and within the first two nights we noticed them and told him he has in the month we have been there only bought bombs and powered and made the statement he was unaware. But we have spoke with the prior tenant and they have made it very clear that he was very aware. Also we noticed he had the walls painted and colcked right over the bed bugs. Is there anything we can do about this. We still have not got them gone he still does nothing more . ..and yet to have been able to completely move in. Only few clothes and one bed. We have children and have not been able to move them in or their things. Anyone how some advice?