Venom

The biggest worry people have about having creepy crawlers in their house is getting bitten. while sometimes people just fear their presence, the way they look, or the damage to their food or home. the main concern is getting bitten by these pests. that is why the least popular creatures that invade a home are spiders and (depending on the area) scorpions. Some people don’t like cockroaches because of how gross they look, others dislike ants because of how they scourge food. Spiders and scorpions easily top both of those and it’s for one reason, they can bite and sting. Ants can bite too, but the difference between those little guys versus spiders and scorpions are the affects of the bite. Scorpions and spiders have a bit of a unique quality that differs from other pests, venom.

To be fair, ants, bees and a few other insects do have venom, however that venom does not have the same impact on our body that scorpion and spider venom do. We have an inherent fear of spiders because of the horror stores we have heard about the notorious Black Widow and Brown Recluse. These two spiders carry a venom that can potentially be deadly, so we tend to put that venomous umbrella over all types of spiders.  Scorpions carry a similar amount of clout compared to spiders, and this is often attributed to movies in which we see the effects of the Emperor Scorpion and other dangerous scorpions, we have a fear of what could happen.

 

 

 

 

Black Widow

 

A surprising aspect of venom, is the effect that it has on our bodies when we are bitten or stung. When you are bitten by a black widow the effects usually happen after about 20-60 minutes. After being bitten the venom will travel throughout your body and you will begin to feel pain at the location of the bite, and you may also experience nausea, abdominal pain and muscle cramps. If you have those symptoms, please call 911 or visit your local E.R. or urgent care. Though the affects often wear off within 24 hours, and it isn’t likely that you will die, it is better to be safe than sorry.

Brown Recluse spider bites only differ slightly from that of the Black Widow; after being bitten you won’t notice any effects until about 2-6 hours. Symptoms include pain and itching in the bite area as well slight skin color change in that area due to skin cell damage. It is best to treat these bites by applying ice to the bite and contacting emergency help. As with black widow bites, most of the time the effects will go away without medical treatment as time goes by. Unfortunately, for both of these spiders’ bites, children and the elderly are most susceptible to them and could be fatal danger if the bites go untreated.

Even though there are thousands of species of spiders within the United States, the only two that are “dangerous” are those mentioned above. Among the thousands of spiders that could potentially be in your home (not all at once), most of their bites’ could not even penetrate your skin. We have this inherent fear of spiders in our home because we are terrified of being bitten, but the chances of a bite are minimal, and if you do get bit, it will probably go unnoticed.

AZ Bark Scorpion

Regarding venom, the same holds true with both spiders and scorpions. When a scorpion stings you, the venom will travel throughout your whole body and you will feel quite a bit of pain at the location of the sting. A large difference within this sting versus that of a spider bite, is that there will be quite a bit more pain where the sting occurred, and there will be a bit more swelling. As with spiders, if a child is stung, call 911, poison control, or go to your nearest urgent care of ER because the effects can be detrimental. This same thing is true with scorpions regarding venom. Most of the time the affects of the sting will soon wear off and you will be fine, but again, it is better to be safe than sorry.

Although spiders and scorpions may seem scary and dangerous, they have been over dramatized for years in movies and television shows and therefore seem absolutely terrifying. It is still a good idea to avoid spiders and scorpions when possible, the real pests that can hurt your home are insects like termites that can “erode” your home away. Whether you have termites, spiders, scorpions, ants or another pest, Bulwark Pest Control is the best option to rid of any pests you may have! Call us today at, 1-800-610-7576.

Why do scorpions sting themselves?

Most mysterious creepy things in this world are known to have some sort of myth or legend about them, and scorpions are no different. For scorpions, the myth is, when they are cornered or feel they have no chance to survive (for example, being surrounded by fire), scorpions will choose to sting themselves in order to commit suicide, rather than being killed. This myth has some truth to it, but in the end, it is false. When scorpions are in danger they tend to squirm around and sting vigorously around themselves, and thus on occasion, they will accidentally sting themselves. Even though scorpions may sometimes do this, their venom is not venomous to themselves or other scorpions so it would not normally kill them. This makes sense because when a scorpion tries to kill its prey, it will grab onto it and squirm around trying to sting it in order to disorientate its victim. Thus, when a scorpion comes up against an unknown danger, of course it’s going to respond by doing what it is used to doing, squirming and stinging. As far as fire goes, scorpions are cold blooded, so if they are surrounded by fire the scorpion may spasm and accidentally sting itself or it will look as though it is stinging itself. Consider this myth busted. Scorpions hardly ever sting themselves and if they do, it’s not suicide, but accidental self-defense.

 

 

 

 

Why do some things glow under a UV/black light?

What do scorpions and teeth have in common? They both glow under a UV/black light! If you think about it, we see these types of lights quite often, in amusement parks, Halloween, bowling alleys, and even pest control. The real question is why do some things glow under UV/black lights, while others don’t?

 

A black light is actually a type of UV light, there are many types of UV or Ultraviolet lights, but the one in a black light is specifically UV-A. Ultraviolet light is a type of light with a less than normal wavelength, meaning it is out of the the visibility spectrum. UV lights are the the same type of light that emits from the sun. When these UV lights hit and reflect off of certain things, interesting reactions will happen. For example, when UV rays from the sun hit your skin you could get sunburned. In the case of a black light, when the UV light hits the chemical element phosphorus, it reacts by glowing. “Coincidentally”, phosphorus is common in plasma screen televisions, certain fabrics, teeth, fingernails, and scorpions! So if you’re ever at a bowling alley and your shirt, teeth, and fingernails start to glow, the answer is phosphorus!

Where are scorpions found?

Few people know that scorpions are scattered throughout the world in every continent other than Antarctica. That being said, you are most likely to encounter one in your lifetime! Though, these creepy crawlers are mostly found in the hotter regions of these continents, the most diverse group is within North America. In the United States alone, scorpions can be found in the south in its entirety from Florida to Arizona, the mid-west from Colorado to Minnesota, and in the west from California to Washington. They are often hidden in dark places, away from the sun, some common areas are under shady plants and underneath rocks (perhaps in your garden?). Scorpions will go anywhere and do anything to find water and shade, they may enter your home through your garage, sneaking under your doors, or in any cracks they can find on your home that lead inside.  Some other common areas where scorpions may be lurking include, but are not limited to, trees and tree bark, piles of wood, under any plant pots in the yard, and any areas that allow shelter in your home/yard. Within your home, look in/under your bed, in your shoes, and in any clothing that you may have stored that isn’t jostled around often, you never know! All of the above mentioned are just common places in which scorpions may be found, sometimes you will find them on your floor, on your counter-top, in your sink, or on the walls of your home. Scorpion encounters can happen any time, anywhere, just be sure that you are prepared! 

 

 

 

3 Most Common Species of Scorpion Invaders

Before you can treat for scorpions, it is helpful to know which species are infesting a home or property. Here are the three most common species that threaten US homes:

Arizona Bark Scorpion

scorpion_on_rocks

Arizona Bark Scorpions are considered the most venomous scorpions in North America, with the number of Bark scorpion sting victims in Arizona alone estimated to be in the thousands each year. These scorpions measure an inch to inch and a half in length, and are a pale yellow in color.

Striped Bark Scorpion

Striped_Scorpion

The Striped Bark Scorpion is the most widespread scorpion in the United States. The scorpion is a smaller species of scorpion, measuring a total body length of 1 to 1.5 inches. This species has a powerful sting, which often results in pain comparable to that of a wasp; that can last for several hours. They are distinguished by their orangish brown color, and the black striped that run vertically down its back.

Striped-Tailed (Wood) Scorpion

The Striped-Tailed Scorpion is sometimes referred to as the Arizona devil scorpion or Wood scorpion. These scorpions measure about two inches in length, are a tan to dark brown in color, and are a little thicker or stockier than the bark scorpions. They infest homes in Arizona, California, New Mexico, and Mexico.

*** Note *** Desert Hairy scorpions are also commonly found in the Southwestern U.S., but these scorpions rarely infest homes to the extent of the above mentioned.

Scorpions & Scorpion Control

Today, scorpions are considered to be one of the most significant pests that afflict millions of residents throughout much of the Southwest United States.

Scorpions prefer the outdoors but will wander inside through cracks in our homes. In fact, these malevolent stingers can squeeze through cracks as small as a credit card’s width. Once inside, they often make their way into shoes, piles of clothing and beds which, increases the chance of a human being stung.

Seeing a couple scorpions a week in your home would likely qualify as a significant scorpion infestation. In cases such as this, professional scorpion control measures should be taken.

Scorpion Sting Antivenom- The Simple Facts

Scorpion_AntodoteFirst you feel it! OUCH!

It burns! It stings!

Parts of your body begin to feel numb!

Being stung by a scorpion is nasty business, but once you’ve been stung, what do you do next?

There is a scorpion antivenom available called Anascorp, and it may be right for you. Here are a few basic facts when dealing with a scorpion sting and possible antivenom treatment:

Scorpion Antivenom

Most individuals stung from scorpions will not suffer an allergic reaction. The human body can metabolize the neurotoxin injected by the Arizona Bark Scorpions under normal conditions. It becomes deadly when combined with allergic reactions. Some individuals’ bodies simply overreact to the toxins, sending them into afilactic shock. Afilactic shock makes breathing very difficult. From rapid breathing to complete shut down of the lungs, individuals will actually die from suffocation. The anti-venom eliminates the plasma venom and within four hours those that were suffering severe reactions are cured.

  • Antivenom therapy is available for the Centruroides species (bark scorpion), the antivenom (Anascorp) was approved for use against the bark scorpion sting in 2011 by the FDA. It is made by immunizing horses (or goats) with venom and then antivenom (immunoglobulin) is harvested from animal blood.
  • Antivenom may stop all symptoms within about 4 hours after administration. Researchers are developing antivenom to other scorpion species.
  • Symptoms may require hospital admission for 24 hours of observation, especially for children.
  • Consult a doctor about treatment.

When to Seek Medical Care for a Scorpion Sting

  • Most infants, small children and the elderly, especially if they are stung by a bark scorpion, which inhabits large areas in Arizona and New Mexico, should be seen quickly by a doctor since some of the severe reactions occur in these populations.
  • However, anyone who experiences severe symptoms after a scorpion sting will need immediate treatment in an emergency room.
  • Call 911 and/or Poison Control (1-800-222-1222)
  • Continuously apply ice to the sting area.
  • If there is no danger to other people, carefully collecting a dead or injured scorpion into a sealed container to show to the physician may be helpful.

Black_Light_ScorpionScorpion Prevention

Regular scorpion control or pest control services around the exterior of a home is the first and foremost step in scorpion control.  Consistency is the key here as scorpions trouble neighborhoods. We will never be able to rid an entire neighborhood of scorpions, but you can keep them from infesting your home and property with regular professional treatments.

After a regular treatment, additional precautions would be glue traps placed in corners. Glass jars placed around the base of beds and especially cribs. Scorpion seals also create an additional barrier. Treating moisture points in the yard is advised. And treating around pool equipment helps.

Scorpion Found In Bananas

ScorpionImagine shopping at your local Wal-Mart with your two children. You pull your cart up to a box of bananas, reach your hand in looking to pick a few out that aren’t quite ripe and you feel it… A PINCH!

That’s exactly what happened to a Pittsburgh area man… And the pinch was from a scorpion!!

“I yanked my arm out and flung it, and this scorpion flopped to the ground,” said the unidentified man who wished to remain anonymous. “I was standing there in disbelief looking and there was another shopper there and people started to converge, and sure enough it was a scorpion.”

After feeling the pinch, and flinging the scorpion to the store’s floor, the man proceeded to throw a box on top of the scorpion and smash it as a crowd gathered to see what all the commotion was about.

Lucky for the customer, the scorpion only pinched him. If the scorpion happened to sting, the result may have been much more hazardous. With that being said, the man was not seriously injured, but was checked out by a doctor.

Wal-Mart did offer to pay for the man’s medical bills, and have since reached out to the fruit company to inquire about how the scorpion could have made the journey to Pennsylvania.

No word on the species of scorpion that was found hiding out in the box of bananas, or from what part of the world it came from. Chances are the scorpion came from Central or South America; and if that’s the case it was likely very dangerous.

walmart scorpionThe next time you’re out grocery shopping, think twice before sticking your hand into a box of bananas!

Scorpions

Although scorpions can inflict a very painful sting, the venom of most species is considered of little health consequence to humans except for the very young and the elderly. Scorpions can live five years or more. They prefer the outdoors but will wander inside through building cracks and crevices as small as 1/16th of an inch thick. Once inside, they often make their way into shoes, piles of clothing, beds, and in some cases boxes of bananas; which increases the chance of a human being stung.

Professional scorpion control is effective at keeping them out of your home.

Your Guide To Scorpion Management

scorpion stingerThe following article is intended for pest control professionals and homeowners alike, who are in need of some answers when it comes to identifying, and treating scorpions.

Knowing a little more about these scorpions can help homeowners and pest management professionals take some preventative measures to minimize scorpion’s impact. If you fear that you may have a scorpion infestation, please enlist the help of a licensed scorpion control professional who can administer the proper insecticides.

Identification: The 3 Most Common Types of Scorpions 

Before you can treat for scorpions, it is helpful to know which species are infesting a home or property. Here are the three most common species that threaten US homes:

Arizona Bark Scorpion

Bark Scorpion

Arizona Bark scorpions are considered the most venomous scorpions in North America, with the number of Bark scorpion sting victims in Arizona alone estimated to be in the thousands each year. These scorpions measure an inch to inch and a half in length, and are a pale yellow in color.

Striped Bark Scorpion

Striped Scorpion

The Striped Bark scorpion is the most widespread scorpion in the United States. The scorpion is a smaller species of scorpion, measuring a total body length of 1 to 1.5 inches. This species has a powerful sting, which often results in pain comparable to that of a wasp; that can last for several hours. They are distinguished by their orangish brown color, and the black striped that run vertically down its back.

Striped-Tailed (Wood) Scorpion

Stripe-tailed Scorpion (Hoffmannius spinigerus)

The Striped-Tailed Scorpion is sometimes referred to as the Arizona devil scorpion or Wood scorpion. These scorpions measure about two inches in length, are a tan to dark brown in color, and are a little thicker or stockier than the bark scorpions. They infest homes in Arizona, California, New Mexico, and Mexico.

*** Note *** Desert Hairy scorpions are also commonly found in the Southwestern U.S., but these scorpions rarely infest homes to the extent of the above mentioned.

Integrated Pest Management For Scorpions 

Proper Integrated Pest Management for scorpions includes five important steps: 1) Inspection (thorough approach is needed), 2) Identification (have tools and resources available), 3) Assessment (putting together a plan), 4) Remedial Tactics (executing your plan), 5) Evaluation (did it work?).

After an inspection, and properly identifying the species of scorpion you’re dealing with, it’s time to put together and execute a plan.

Here’s a plan that should be followed to best manage a scorpion infestation:

Habitat Modification 

habitat modification

Habitat modification is crucial when it comes to scorpion management. Remove trash, logs, stones, bricks, firewood, etc. from around an infested property. Never store firewood inside or directly adjacent to structure.

Caulking windowTrim branches away from the home, and mow grass or weeds near the foundation. Tree branches can provide a path to a home for scorpions. Installing weather stripping around all doors and windows will help keep the little buggers out. Plugging holes and entry ways into a property with copper wool, nylon pads, foam or wire screen will also help keep them out; as will caulking around all pipes, eaves, and other cracks found around the home or property.

You should also store garbage containers in a frame that allows them to rest above ground level.

Remedial Tactics To Control Scorpions 

pesticide sprayingAfter habitat modification tactics have been employed to combat a scorpion infestation, it’s time for some remedial tactics. Since scorpions are very difficult pests to control, it is going to take a consistent effort of both mechanical controls, and pesticides.

Mechanical Controls 

Manually removing or killing the scorpions you see is a start. When you see a live scorpion, safely and carefully squash it. Vacuuming is also effective; given you have a way to kill them after sucking them up. A shop-vac filled with a solution of water and vinegar should suffice. Sticky boards or glue traps are also effective in areas of high scorpion traffic. The habitat modification method mentioned above is also an effective mechanical control that can be used to eliminate scorpions.

Pesticides For Scorpions 

Pesticides can be very effective when it comes to managing scorpion populations for two reasons. First, pesticides will kill the roaches, beetles, crickets, and other insects that scorpions like to eat. Without an abundant supply of food, scorpions will have less interest in a home or property.

Second, there are also some pesticides that are effective at exterminating scorpions. Microencapsulated (ME or CS), Suspension Concentrates (SC) and wettable powders (WP) can provide longer residuals, and sit up on surfaces for better scorpion interaction.

A few effective pesticides for scorpions are as follows:

ALPINE DUST applied with a hand duster into cracks and voids at the equivalent rate of 10 g / sq. m.

CYHALOCAP CS and Temprid SC applied by broadcast; mixed at 1 gal / 1000 sq. ft.

Scorpion Chemical Control Recommendations 

  • scorpion exterminatorIf you are a pest management professional, these are scorpion control best practices;
  • Provide thorough & extensive insecticides to reduce food populations for scorpions and numbers of scorpions.
  • Apply Cyhalocap CS at high label rate (0.06%) and use enough water to penetrate habitats we find scorpions. Play close attention to mulch, rocks, wood chips, etc.
  • Utilize enhanced performance of SmartCap Technology by rotating to Cy-Kick CS early and late in season to provide scorpion mortality and to reduce and prevent infestations of a broad spectrum of pests.
  • Apply insecticide dusts to reduce food sources to all accessible voids, including crawl spaces, attics, etc.
  • Apply granular residual insecticides on perimeter areas of landscaping
  • Landscaping baits can help reduce insect/prey populations.
  • Treat voids where scorpion activity is suspect with Phantom SC (can foam)
  • Every other month services are needed 

Professional Scorpion Control 

If you are a homeowner who is weary of battling scorpions, take some of the above habitat modification and preventative measures. After taking these steps, enlist the support of a scorpion control professional to perform the chemical control recommendations listed above.

 

The Oldest Scorpion In The World

The old rocks of the Prehistoric Trackways National Monument in southern New Mexico hid a secret for some 280 million years.

The secret?

The World’s oldest known scorpion!

scorpion fossil
Photo Courtesy Of The New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science

Fossil Discovery: The Oldest Scorpion In The World Found In New Mexico

Scientists recently found the World’s oldest scorpion in the Prehistoric Trackways National Monument in New Mexico. This newly discovered evidence proves once again that scorpions have been on this planet for millions and million of years.

The 280 million year old scorpion fossil doesn’t look like much, but this vague rock impression has been identified as the ONLY fossil impression of an entire scorpion body ever found. The scientists believe that the scorpion rested on the rock for a short time, and then eventually scurried off. The result was an imprint of its body which eventually turned to hardened fossilized stone.

Scientists named the 280 million year old scorpion that they found Alacranichnus; which is a combination of Spanish and Greek meaning scorpion trace.

Scorpion fossils are extremely uncommon worldwide, especially in this extraordinary condition. Most of the time, these fossils are only found in small bits and pieces. In fact, there is actually a huge gap in scorpion fossil records. Currently there are no records for North American scorpions between the newly discovered Permian era scorpion (approximately 280 million years old) to scorpion fossils in the Middle Eocene era (about 45 million years ago).

The amazing new scorpion fossil will be displayed in the New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science (NMMNHS) museum’s upcoming Paleozoic Hall.

It has not been determined exactly what species of scorpion is represented in the newly discovered fossil.

scorpionHistory Of Scorpions & Fossils

Scorpions are the oldest known arachnids in the world. Scientists have discovered a few scorpion fossils, dating back to the Silurian Periods about 430 million years ago. These scorpions have been determined to be aquatic scorpions.

Million of years later (359 million to 299 million years ago) in the Carboniferous era, scorpions made their way out of the water, and eventually took to land.

Until this recent discovery in New Mexico, there were no other fossils of land scorpions, with fossils petering out.

Fossil Proves Just How Hardy Scorpions Are

The newly discovered scorpion fossil dates scorpions way back to the beginning of the Permian era.

This fossil confirms that scorpions have survived a lot of huge mass extinction events between then and now, proving what we already know… Scorpions are hardy creatures.

What’s more, seeing how the carbon dioxide levels in the Permian atmosphere were probably three times what they are today on Earth, it’s not likely climate change will stop these hardy arachnids either.

scorpion stingerScorpions

Today, scorpions are considered to be one of the most significant pests that afflict millions of residents throughout much of the Southwest United States.

Scorpions prefer the outdoors but will wander inside through cracks in our homes. In fact, these malevolent stingers can squeeze through cracks as small as a credit card’s width. Once inside, they often make their way into shoes, piles of clothing and beds which, increases the chance of a human being stung.

Seeing a couple scorpions a week in your home would likely qualify as a significant scorpion infestation. In cases such as this, professional scorpion control measures should be taken.

 

Pest Control Information- Friday Links Round-Up

Pest Control Information- Friday Links Round-Up

 

Pest Control Links Round-Up
Pest Control Links Round-Up

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Pest Of The Week: The Striped Scorpion

 

Striped ScorpionThe most widespread species of scorpion found in the United States is the Striped scorpion. They vary in color and pattern, with scorpions from Kansas and Oklahoma appearing darker with light orange striping; compared to the Striped scorpions found in West Texas that tend to be more pale with lighter yellow striping.

Striped scorpions measure about an inch to inch and a half in length, making them smaller then other scorpion species. They can be found living together in large numbers under rocks. These scorpions are especially hardy and have the ability to survive for extended periods of time in below freezing weather.

Striped scorpions have a powerful sting that feels comparable to that of a wasp’s sting. The pain and symptoms of a sting can last for several hours, and it is advised that scorpion control measures should be taken to ensure homeowners avoid these painful stings.